Courses

GRMN 350 - Berlin - Impressions of a City (also HIST 350)

A survey of Berlin through its history and architecture, its literature and film with emphasis on the twentieth century. The course is divided into five parts: Berlin's early history before WWI, the Weimar Republic, the Nazi period, Cold War Berlin (East and West), and modern Berlin after 1989. In addition to the history and architecture, major novels and films of the city are examined throughout the semester. This course is taught in English and may not be used in fulfillment of the foreign language requirement. Nor does it count towards the German major/minor.
(Credit, full course)

GRMN 356 - The Nazi Period (also HIST 353)

An examination of the connection between Nazi ideology and German culture of the nineteen-thirties and forties. The course offers a discussion of artistic reactions to the Nazis among the German exile community, along with a discussion of literary works about the Nazis written after WWII. The course also offers an analysis of holocaust representations in art and literature. Included are examples from the works of Thomas Mann, Bertolt Brecht and Günter Grass, along with films screenings such as Triumph of the Will, Jacob the Liar and Europa Europa. The course is taught in English and does not fulfill the language requirement. Nor does it count towards the German major/minor.
(Credit, full course)

HIST (111 through 127) - Making History Courses for Freshmen and Sophomores

The various Making History courses introduce students early in their college careers to historical analysis and argumentation through the intensive investigation of an especially rich theme or topic. Each course within the Making History category is organized around the “investigation” of a particular set of historical questions. In all Making History courses, students examine a range of sources, methods, and approaches that historians use to understand and to make arguments about the past. In doing so, students are able to draw on the diverse resources and talents in the Department of History’s faculty, who themselves are students of the past in Europe, the U.S., Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Students also learn how to “make history” by acquiring and using the skills of historical investigation, analysis, and writing. The Making History courses are primarily intended for freshmen and sophomores. Students may take no more than two for academic credit. History majors who take two Making History courses for credit must take an additional ten courses outside this category.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 111 - Religion and Power in the Pre-Modern West

Two principles central to modern American culture are “separation of church and state” and individual freedom of religious choice. For most of Western history, however, these principles would have been largely incomprehensible. This course examines the close relationship between religion and “the state” in ancient Greece, ancient Rome, and medieval Europe, analyzing the ways in which they reinforced each other as well as instances in which they came into conflict. More broadly, the course examines ways in which religion reinforced or challenged social norms relating to gender, hierarchy, and the identification of “insiders” and marginalized groups.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 112 - Women Changing the World: Gender and Social Movements

This course examines women’s participation in social and political movements throughout the world since the late eighteenth century in order to understand how gender (the set of beliefs each culture has regarding male and female difference) has affected women’s involvement. The course explores a variety of gender-based arguments that women have used to bring social change, assessing whether these approaches are effective or ultimately limit women to a narrow range of issues. Some attention is paid to how gender affects men’s involvement in social movements.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 113 - Civil Disobedience from Ancient Greece to Modern Africa

This course examines how acts of civil disobedience have affected the course of world history from ancient through modern times. It explores how the emergence of democratic government and Christianity formed the foundation of civil disobedience. Sophocles, Perpetua, Thomas Paine, Henry David Thoreau, Gandhi, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Nelson Mandela are women and men who affected the course of history by challenging laws, customs and conventions that they believed to be immoral. The course investigates both common and distinctive methods employed by these historical actors in challenging various systems of oppression that emerged as communities and societies organized into nation states.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 116 - Revolution and Evolution: Europe since the Eighteenth Century

This course analyzes the origins and development of the political and industrial revolutions that began to affect Europe in the late eighteenth century and addresses how Europeans responded to their impact. The course, which examines the processes connected with these adjustments from the eighteenth century through the post-World War II era, emphasizes the interplay of social, cultural and political history.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 117 - Discovering America, 1400-2000

This course examines the history of North America through the lens of “discovering America,” a prevalent expression in discussions of the region’s landscape and people from 1400 to 2000. Using art, fiction, popular entertainments, travel writing as well as works by historians, the course focuses on early encounters between indigenous and European peoples, the importance of stories of discovery in politics and culture, and Americans’ efforts to describe and assign value to the natural environment as the United States emerged as a nation and world power in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 119 - Intertwined Paths: Jews, Africans, and the West's Journey into Modern Times

This course examines the lives of those affected by two of the world’s largest historical displacements—Jews and Africans. Students learn the historical and intellectual contexts within which these “Diasporas” occurred and read the accounts of those who enacted them and those who were displaced. The course considers the strategies that Africans and Jews used to counteract their oppressors, their fight for constitutional rights, and the ways their struggles affected the West’s vision of itself.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 120 - Children and Childhood in History

This course focuses on the lived experiences of children and traces the emergence of a new “ideology of childhood” in the early modern world (c. 1300 to 1800). The course examines the major social, political and economic changes that unfolded throughout this period, including related programs of religious, scientific, and educational reform, and studies how these changes affected children’s roles or status within families and communities–in–transition. It also asks whether a fundamental change in the meaning of childhood by 1800 corresponded to the emergence of an increasingly global, colonial, and industrial world order.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 121 - Consumer and Its Discontents, 17th-20th Centuries

This course examines the development of a consumer culture from the seventeenth to the late twentieth centuries in Europe and around the globe. “Consumerism” is used to encompass a constellation of historical changes, including the shift from a mercantilistic to free market system of capitalistic exchange, the advent of mass production, and innovations in retailing and marketing. The course analyzes how the increasing organization of life around seemingly infinite flows and accumulations of commodities affected political, social and cultural life as well as individual behavior and value systems.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 124 - World in the Twentieth Century

This course focuses on major events in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in Europe, the United States, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. Taking a global perspective, the course argues that events in one part of the world cannot be understood in isolation—that events in Europe, for example, affected and were influenced by incidents in Asia, Africa, or the U.S. Topics include the two world wars, the fall of empires, the Cold War, the roles of important personalities, and recent events in China, central and southern Asia, and the Middle East.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 125 - The Age of Discovery: Encounter of Two Worlds

The course delves into the intellectual, social and cultural aspects of the Native American/European encounter in what came to be called Latin America in the first century after the arrival of Columbus. It examines such facets as the underlying religious and political legitimation of the Iberian conquests, indigenous responses, and the issue of "othering" and mutual perceptions. It also scrutinizes material and institutional factors such as Spanish imperial and Indian policy, forms of surplus extraction established by the Spanish, and political arrangements embracing native peoples and Europeans.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 126 - Intro the Heart of Darkness: Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries

This class investigates the controversial history of European empires since 1800 to understand how imperialism has shaped the modern world. It explores the motivations behind the creation of European empires, the technologies and tactics that made the acquisition of colonies possible, and the economic, cultural, and social effects of imperialism on the colonized and the colonizer. The course also considers how and why European hegemony collapsed during the age of decolonization and the impact of the rise of the United States on imperialism.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 127 - Atlantic Britons, 1500-1850

This course examines the period after 1500 when the people of the British Isles began to explore the world beyond their shores, to encounter unfamiliar cultures and peoples, and to exploit resources and peoples in Africa and the Americas. It considers the understandings and agendas the British brought to these encounters and how interactions with distant lands and peoples altered the way the British saw themselves and their own culture before and after the political crisis of 1776 that ruptured the empire they created.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 201, HIST 202 - History of the United States

A general survey of the political, constitutional, economic, and social history of the United States.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 203 - Criminal or Hero? The Outlaw in American Culture (also AMST)

This survey approaches the outlaw both as imagined in fiction, film, and music and as a real historical subject. Special attention is paid to how changing understandings of the “outlaw” correspond to specific moments in American history such as the settling of the West, gangsterism in the Great Depression, the rise of Black Power, and the development of new technology involving internet hacktivists. Legal and other-than-legal responses to the outlaw are also considered.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 204 - Wealth in America from the Colonial Period to the Present (also AMST)

A history of being poor in America focusing on the conjoined categories of “wealth” and “poverty” in the lives of impoverished people, and of private and public actions and policies affecting them from the colonial period through the early twenty-first century. Students consider how poor and non-poor Americans have understood what it means to be poor and wealthy, what causes poverty and affluence, and what remedies the former and enables the latter. For the period after 1870, the course incorporates the enlargement of Americans’ vision to encompass global conditions of wealth and poverty.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 205, HIST 206 - History of England

A general survey of the political, constitutional, economic, and social history of England and the British Empire since the Anglo-Saxon conquest.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 207 - Russia: Autocracy, Orthodoxy, Serfdom, Revolution

This course examines Russian history from the creation of the first state to the reign of the last tsar. Topics include the political and cultural importance of cities: Kiev and the Christianization of Russia, Moscow and the growing brutality of the autocratic system, and St. Petersburg and the process of westernization. Additional themes include the role of the Russian Orthodox Church, Mongol invasion, the development of autocracy, civil war and foreign invasion, the Romanov dynasty, the institution of serfdom, and the importance of strong personalities in Russian history.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 208 - Russia: Revolution and Repression, War and Cold War, Collapse and Renewal

This course examines the history of Russia in the twentieth century, from the reign of the last tsar through the reign of the current president. The class explores Russia’s movement from reaction to revolution, with emphasis on the roles played by Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin, and others. The course looks at the impact of World War II and examines the goals of Soviet leaders in the Cold War period. After discussing the post-Stalin era under Khrushchev and Brezhnev, the class investigates the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union in the Gorbachev period and finishes with a discussion of the current situation in Russia under both Yeltsin and Putin.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 209 - Early Modern Europe

A survey of European history from 1400 to 1750. Topics include rural and urban communities, the Renaissance, humanism, education and literacy, women and gender, the Protestant and Counter Reformations, confessional violence, absolutism, witch-hunts, poverty and deviance, colonialism, science and empire, nationalism, religious pluralism and Enlightenment. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 210 - Early Modern Cities

A survey of urban life in the early modern world between 1400 and 1750. This course examines the dynamic contours of early modern cities in a variety of cultural contexts, considering how the period’s emerging networks of exchange, as well as colonial ambitions, generated new links between decidedly urban spaces across the globe. How did residents experience and use the space of the city to regulate relationships among members of disparate social and cultural groups? Students also assess the status of early modern cities as key sites for the transfer and production of knowledge. The course ends with an introduction to cosmopolitanism in the eighteenth century. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 211 - History of China and East Asia (Part I)

An introduction to the foundations of East Asian civilization: Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, the dynastic system, and the development of Chinese culture.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 212 - History of China and East Asia (Part II)

A study of the European impact on Asia and the rise of nationalism and communism. Significant attention to China and Japan in the nineteenth and twentieth century.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 213 - Early Modern Courts (also WMST)

A survey of courtly life in Europe between 1450 and 1750. The course considers the role of the courtier, the ways in which art, drama, and ritual promoted the power of the monarch, the mechanics and implications of patronage, changing notions of monarchial authority, and the relation between courtly culture and civility. Special attention is paid to Spanish and English courtly culture in the sixteenth century and French courtly culture in the seventeenth century.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 215 - Southern African History

This course encompasses both the established history of the southern African region c.1500-2004 and recent historiographical developments. As a result of this dual focus, the course highlights the production of southern African history, considering how, for whom, and why that history has been written. Topics include: the environment in history; the creation and interactions of racial groups; the mineral revolution and capitalist development; white domination, segregation, and apartheid; and political and popular resistance to these oppressive racial regimes. The course ends with the transition to majority rule, the role of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the democratic future of South Africa.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 216 - History of Japan

A survey of the history of Japan from earliest times to the present. Topics include early Chinese influence, Buddhism, the rise of feudalism, unification in the 16th century, the era of isolation, the intrusion of the west, the Meiji Restoration, the rise of Japan as a military power, World War II, and postwar recovery.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 218 - The Age of Enlightenment

An examination of the political, social and economic history of eighteenth-century Europe and of the Enlightenment as a distinctive and significant culture. The course includes the extension of European power and influence in the other parts of the world. Attention is also given to the ideas and events of the period in relation to the Revolutionary Era that followed. Not open for credit to a student who has successfully completed Hist 345.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 220 - History of Africa since 1880

Analysis of the forces such as colonialism and economic development that have shaped the history of modern Africa. The focus of the course is on the diversity of African economic, political, cultural, and religious systems; the critical role of the African landscape in shaping social change; the high degree of interaction between Africa and the rest of the world; the creation of enduring stereotypes of Africans; the ambivalent legacy of independence movements; and recent developments including popular culture, epidemics, and mass migration.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 223 - Latin American History to 1825

A study of the mixture of Indian and Spanish civilizations. Concentration on sixteenth-century culture of Aztecs and Incas, the evolution of Spanish colonial empire, the historical background to strongman government, the art and architecture of the colonies, and the Independence Period 1810-25.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 224 - Latin American History after 1826

A study of nation building and strongman government in the nineteenth century, the Mexican Revolution 1910-20, Argentina under Peron, and twentieth-century Brazil. Special emphasis on the roles of women and blacks.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 225 - Empire in the New World: Incas and Aztecs

This course offers a comparative perspective on the processes that led to the emergence of the Incas and the Aztecs. The course focuses on primary sources and texts from a variety of experts and scholars concerned with issues of state-building, self-sustained economy, warfare, aesthetics, rituals, religion, and culture.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 226 - Politics and Society in Contemporary America

This course surveys the history of the United States since World War II. It focuses on the nation's emergence as an international superpower and the domestic political and social upheavals that accompanied this development.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 227, HIST 228 - Intellectual and Cultural History of the United States

Explores selected problems in the development of American ideas and social structures, 1789-1980. The first semester (1789 to 1877) examines the conflicts and tensions associated with the emergence of a democratic, capitalist society. The second semester (1877 to present) extends the questions posed during the first semester by focusing on development of industrial and consumer capitalism in the twentieth century. The course as a whole emphasizes the analysis and discussion of primary texts and pays close attention to issues of race, gender, and class.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 229 - The Many Faces of Sewanee (also AMST)

This seminar is designed to introduce sophomores to the facts and conceptual processes of history by using Sewanee and its immediate surroundings as a case study. Students employ historical methods within a variety of interdisciplinary contexts drawing on insights from archaeology, geology, literary analysis, and sociology, as well as social, political, military, and intellectual history to comprehend both what has happened here and how it is variously understood.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 231 - African-American History to 1865

A survey of the history of African-Americans from their arrival in the English colonies to the end of the Civil War. African-Americans' struggle with slavery and oppression provide the central theme, but the course addresses the various political, economic, social, and cultural conditions which contributed to the development of a unique African-American community. Particular attention is given to the development of such institutions within this community as family, religion, and education.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 232 - African-American History Since 1865

A survey of the major topics and issues in African-American history from 1865 to the present: the era of emancipation, the turn-of-the-century nadir of race relations, black participation in both world wars, the Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights Movement, and various dimensions of contemporary black life. The course also explores some of the historiographical themes that have catalyzed current scholarship and analyzes diverse theories about the black experience in America.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 237 - Women in U.S. History, 1600-1870

A survey of the history of American women which considers how women experienced colonization, American expansion, the industrial revolution, war, and changes in the culture's understanding of gender roles and the family. The course also explores how differences in race, ethnicity, and class affected women's experience.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 238 - Women in U.S. History, 1870 to the Present

A survey of the major changes in American women's lives since the end of the last century, including increased access to education, movement into the labor market, and changes in reproductive behavior and in their role within the family. Special consideration is given to the movements for women's rights.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 241 - Global Women's Movements Since 1840 (also WMST)

An exploration of nineteenth- and twentieth-century women’s movements around the world. This global history provides the foundation of women’s widespread involvement today in such transnational movements as environmentalism and the defense of human rights.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 268 - Modern German History

This course will explore German History in a novel way: through parallel courses that detail how German History is affected by those at the center of German society and by those on the periphery. This dual-track German History will expose students to the ‘traditional’ elements of a national history: political history and major events and personalities that have had an important impact on German, European, and World History. However, what sets this course apart from others will be the importance of the lives and beliefs of those on the peripheries—Jews, Roma, Afro-Germans, Women, Socialists, Catholics, and Communists, among others. Students will be introduced to important concepts in Modern German History, and those that are important to these peripheral groups, plus how those on the periphery engaged with the center. Students will be asked to complete an original research project that explores modern German History using primary-source documents.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 270 - European Women in War, Revolution, and Terrorism (also WMST)

This course surveys European women’s gendered experiences of war, revolution, and terrorism from the French Revolution to the present. Adopting gender analysis as its methodological framework it focuses on the changing constructions of femininity and masculinity in relation to major global upheavals and theories of violence in the modern world The course examines the impact of such developments on the lives of European women of different socioeconomic, regional, and racial backgrounds. Topics covered include the Russian Revolutions, World Wars I and II, global terrorism of the 1970s, and contemporary European feminist politics of immigration and the veil. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 272 - France Since 1815

Although modern France is a product of the same tumultuous nineteenth- and twentieth-century developments experienced by the rest of Europe, the French reacted to the processes of industrialization, urbanization, and the democratization of politics, and the two world wars in their own fashion. This course considers in detail how France became “modern” and what the effects of this process were on different groups of individuals in French society. Readings center on primary documents. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 296 - History of the Middle East I (also INGS)

This first offering in a two-course sequence introduces students to the history of the Middle East. Surveying the region’s history prior to the eighteenth century, it considers the emergence of the world’s earliest civilizations; the rise of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and the spread of Arab, Turkish, and Persian Empires. Emphasis is placed on the Middle East’s place in global trade networks and imperial conflicts. This course has the attribute of International and Global Studies.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 297 - History of the Middle East II (also INGS)

This second offering in a two-course sequence addresses the modern Middle East, and emphasizes the region’s place in global politics and the world economy. Among the topics considered are European imperialism and local responses, nineteenth-century reform movements, the rise of the nation-state, the impact of Arab nationalism, the Arab-Israeli conflict, Islamic political movements, gender relations in the region, the importance of oil, the Iraq conflict, terrorism and the peace process. This course has the attribute of International and Global Studies.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 298 - History of Islam

Should we speak of Islam as a single tradition? What is Islam’s relation to other religious faiths? How has Islam shaped–and been shaped by–local traditions? What is the relation between Islam and politics? This class looks at Islam and Muslim societies from the emergence of the prophetic faith until the present day. Students are introduced to the diversity of interpretations of the Prophet Muhammad’s message and to Islamic practice in a variety of geographical and historical contexts, to understand how Islam has influenced and continues to influence world history. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 301 - Ancient Greece

Selected topics in the history of Ancient Greece from the early Bronze Age to the death of Alexander. Emphasis on reading, papers, discussion. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 302 - Ancient Rome

Selected topics in the history of Royal, Republican, and Imperial Rome. Emphasis on reading, papers, discussion. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 303 - Constructing Christendom: the West from Constantine to the First Crusade

This course examines the centuries from c.300 to c.1100 in which the political and cultural traditions of what we now know as Europe were constructed on the foundations of the Classical and "barbarian" worlds. It focuses especially on how contemporaries imagined and attempted to create a specifically Christian society by the conversion of the pagan Roman empire and, later, the Germanic pagans of Western Europe — a process which culminates in the "church militant" of the First Crusade. A further unifying theme is the legacy of empire in the cultural and political life of the post-Roman West. Attention is also given to the role of women, especially royal women, in the creation of the Christian culture of the early Middle Ages. Reading and discussion of primary sources, including the visual arts, are central to this course. Seminar. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 304 - Medieval Europe

Selected topics in the history of western Europe during the Middle Ages for the period c.1000 to c.1450. Emphasis on reading, papers, discussion. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 305 - Medieval Women - In Their Own Words (also WMST)

This course closely analyzes the relatively rare sources that allow historians to see the experience of medieval women through the eyes of the women themselves rather than through the prescriptive lens of the men who held most forms of power in their society: a ninth-century woman’s book of advice for her son, surviving letters and spiritual writings, wills, and the legal records that show both the vulnerability of women and their readiness to bend and break the law. Case studies of individual women are employed, along with critical analysis of different categories of source material.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 307 - Revolutions and Revolutionaries in the Middle East

The “Arab Spring,” the Green Movement in Iran, and the Gezi revolt in Turkey have focused attention on revolution and “people power” in contemporary analyses of the Middle East. But revolution is not a new phenomenon in the region. Analyzing anti-colonial, constitutional, nationalist, socialist, and Islamic revolutions from the late nineteenth century until today, this class investigates how revolutionary uprisings have shaped the Middle East. Pushing beyond the notion that revolutions are primarily ideological conflicts, the class considers how people take to the streets for economic and social justice, greater political representation, and in defense of nationalist, sectarian, and local interests. Prerequisite: fulfillment of one G4 requirement.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 308 - The Revolutionary Era

The transformation of state and society from the Old Regime to the time of Napoleon. Emphasizes the causes and phases of Europe's first revolution, in France, 1750-1815. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 309 - Politics and Society in Europe 1815-1914

A study of the foreign and domestic policies of the principal states, problems arising from the Industrial Revolution, liberal democracy, nationalism, and socialism, and the origins of World War I. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 310 - Modern Iraq and the US-Iraqi Conflict (also INGS)

This seminar offers students an in-depth look at the modern history of Iraq and the current US-Iraq conflict. Using a blend of primary and secondary sources, the class looks at the impact of Western influence and regional trends such as Arab nationalism, Ba’athism, and Islamism on the modern development of Iraq. Reasons for the current conflict are also explored from a number of political and nationalist perspectives to foster understanding of the U.S. invasion of 2003 and of Western foreign policy in the post–9/11 world. This course has the attribute of International and Global Studies. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 311 - Politics and Society in Europe after 1914

The external and internal development of the principal states, revolution, fascism, the search for a system of collective security, World War II, the Cold War, the democratic welfare state, and the European unity movement. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 312 - 18th-Century England

A seminar in eighteenth-century English studies with emphasis on social and cultural development. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 313 - Family, Gender, and Sexuality in Early Modern Europe (also WMST)

During the early modern period, the mutable sexual categories of the pre-modern world evolved into the definitions of masculinity and femininity recognizable today. In this seminar, students examine these transformations in cultural and social understandings of gender as they relate to the body, marriage and the family, and sexuality. Students also consider the fashioning of gender norms and related senses of self as well as the larger historigraphical issue of the use of gender as a tool of historical analysis. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 315 - Saints, Witches, and Heretics in Early Modern Europe (also WMST)

A seminar on how the concepts of sainthood, witchcraft, and heresy changed and developed in the period of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course explores the Catholic definition of heresy, responses to individual heretics (including Martin Luther), and the spirituality of Counter Reformation saints. It considers the Protestant attack on the cult of the saints, the reasons why the witch hunt was particularly extreme in countries that embraced Protestantism, and how examples of “true” and “false” religion helped to shape Protestant and Catholic identities. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 316 - The African-American Church in Slavery and Freedom

This seminar course examines the presence of the African-American church in the lives of African Americans and in the history of the United States. From its creation as an “invisible institution” during slavery to its dynamic existence during the era of black emancipation to its crucial presence during the Civil Rights Movement and beyond, the black church has been a vital force in framing the contours of African-American culture and shaping religious life in America. This course explores how the church has functioned as a formative social and political institution within a racially fractured but continually changing civic landscape. This course has the attribute of American Studies. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 317 - African-American Intellectual History

This course examines the development of African-American thought from the mid-nineteenth century to the present and explores various cultural, spiritual and intellectual dimensions of African-American life. Emphasis is placed on political, religious and literary figures, including the works of Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. Dubois, Charles Chesnutt, Booker T. Washington, Henry McNeal Turner, Marcus Garvey, Zora Neal Hurston, Langston Hughes, Pauli Murray, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr., Toni Morrison, and Cornel West. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 318 - African-American Women and Religion (also WMST)

This class examines African-American Women's participation and critical role in religious life in America. It explores black women's place in the formation of revival culture, the creation of religious ritual, and the institutional establishment of the black churches. Further, it investigates black women's vital role in the dissemination of religious values within and between generations. Through biography and autobiography, this course addresses the ways in which black women have appropriated religious language and sensibility in constructing the narratives of their lives. In sum, it explores the myriad ways African-American women contested and critiqued their place in the church and the community, while simultaneously supporting and furthering black churches and promoting the health of religious life.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 319 - The Arab-Israeli Conflict (also INGS)

The Arab-Israeli conflict has long dominated the politics of the Middle East and been seen as central to U.S. foreign policy in the region. This seminar considers the history of this conflict and the politicized historiographical debates that accompany it. Topics addressed include Zionism, Palestinian and Arab nationalism, the birth of the Arab refugee crisis, the effects of the 1967 and 1973 wars on the region, the use of terrorism, the two intifadas, and the Oslo peace process. Primary texts, secondary sources, and scholarly articles from a variety of perspectives are used to investigate how people within and outside the region debate and fight over these issues. This course has the attribute of International and Global Studies. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 320 - Victorian and Edwardian Britain

This seminar studies British history from the passing of the Great Reform Bill to World War I, with special attention to cultural and political developments. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 321 - English Identities

Addressing questions arising from contemporary debates over issues such as national character and historical memory, this seminar examines the lives of some English men and women; how individuals‚ identities have been shaped by wider social, cultural, religious, and political circumstance; and also how these same identities have been partly self-constructed. Course readings include biographies, autobiographies, and diaries from the medieval period to the late 20th century. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 322 - Southern Lives

An exploration of Southern history through the lenses of biography, autobiography, and fiction. This seminar examines the careers of significant figures in the history and literature of the South from the antebellum era to the present. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 324 - Colonial and Imperial Warfare in North America and Southern Africa (also AMST)

This seminar compares the warfare that accompanied colonial encounters in North America and southern Africa, from the first European contact through the early twentieth century. It focuses on wars fought in response to resistance by native peoples, and on the use of native allies in warfare between imperial foes as windows into the processes of acculturation, resistance, dispossession, and representation that characterized the colonial encounter as a whole. Texts range from traditional military history to religious, cultural, environmental, and comparative approaches to the topic. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 325 - Revolutionary America

A study of the development and challenges of early American nationalism. Students consider the growth of republican institutions and ideas during the colonial era, the causes and conduct of the American Revolution, and the initial tests of the young republic. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 327 - The Old South

An exploration of the Southern past from the earliest English settlements to the establishment of the Confederate States of America. This course charts the development of distinctive Southern political, economic, and social structures, examines the role of chattel slavery in shaping the region, and analyzes the causes of the war for Southern independence. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 329 - The New South

An examination of Southern history from the end of Reconstruction to the early victories of the Civil Rights Movement. Students explore the transformation of the plantation system; map the influence of the section's new industries and cities; trace the roles of race, class, and gender in Southern society; examine the political issues and structures that governed the region; and probe the culture that has defined the South. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 331 - Modern Cities: Capital, Colonial, Global

An exploration of the modern urban experience in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas and a consideration of the social, cultural, and political transformations of world cities, including London and Paris, Cape Town and Algiers, Hong Kong and Shanghai, New York and Los Angeles, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 332 - Twentieth-Century American Culture (also AMST)

An examination of major issues and topics in the cultural history of the U.S. from the 1893 Columbian International Exposition to the implosion of the internet dot.com bonanza in 2000. To dissect and analyze the discourses of race, gender, class, and sexuality in American life, the class concentrates on texts and images from the periods under examination, with special attention to the production and consumption of popular culture. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 333 - Topics in American History

A seminar dealing with important political, social, and intellectual movements in American history. Prerequisite: Hist 100 or Humn 102 or permission of instructor. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 334 - Mass Culture and Popular Amusements in the United States, 1870-1945

A seminar on the development of mass culture and popular amusements in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Particular attention is paid to the important roles of women in the invention of these new cultural forms and to social and economic tensions generated by the rise of a mass commercial culture. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 335 - Monsters, Marvels, and Museums

This course introduces students to the history of a particular kind of early modern museum: the curiosity cabinet or Wunderkammer. These striking collections of curious objects, marvels, and “monsters” had become key research and educational venues in many European cities by 1500. They generated discussion about the relation between local and global knowledge, between the natural and artificial, the extent and causes of biodiversity, and much more. The course explores the history and politics of these collections while recognizing their role as nodes in global circuits of information transfer and exchange. Also considered is the Wunderkammer’s impact on the development of museums of art, science and technology, natural history, and anthropology. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level course in Hist or Humn 204.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 336 - Hours of Crisis in U.S. History (also AMST)

This course examines several key moments of crisis in American political, military, and cultural history from the Second Continental Congress’s decision to declare independence in 1776 to the wars with Iraq in 1991 and 2003. The class explores the events that created the context for essential public actions, the historical factors that led to the decisions, and how succeeding generations came to view those decisions and, in some cases, to use them as precedents in thinking about contemporary problems.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 337 - Nature, Magic, and Machines

Currently scholars from across the globe are rewriting the history of what is often called the “Scientific Revolution,” with some questioning whether such a revolution ever occurred. Did it? If so, why and how did it take place? This course explores watershed changes in the tools and strategies used to produce and circulate new knowledge in the early modern world. It thereby pursues a global, interdisciplinary approach to study of the scientific revolution. While focusing on the contributions of famous figures such as Galileo and Descartes, the course also takes account of lesser-known personalities and of diverse instruments, practices and social networks that contributed to the rise of modern science. Topics addressed include natural history, botany, taxonomy, medicine, alchemy, experimental philosophy, colonial science, indigenous knowledge, and the transfer of knowledge. Prerequisite: One G4 course or Humn 104. Not open for credit to students who have earned credit for Hist 392.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 338 - Mediterranean History

An examination of the lives of the ‘Middle Sea’ and the peoples who have inhabited its shores and hinterlands from antiquity to the present day. Students learn different lenses through which to observe and analyze the Mediterranean ‘universe,’ especially the sea’s role in facilitating crossings and promoting cross-pollination of cultures. The course further addresses aspects of Mediterranean history through an examination of the region’s foods and food cultures, as well as other cultural and intellectual legacies.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 339 - The Making of Modern America, 1877-1920 (also AMST)

A seminar on the cultural history of the United States from the end of Reconstruction to the end of World War I, with emphasis on the problems of analyzing changes in politics, religion, labor and industrial production, retailing, amusement, and consumption. Underlying the class is special attention to transformations of gender relations and identities at the turn of the century. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 342 - Topics in British History

Studies of important political, social, and intellectual movements in British History. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 346 - History of Socialism

A study of the development of socialism as an ideology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Among the major topics discussed are: utopian socialism, Marxism, anarchism, German social democracy, Russian Marxism, and Chinese Marxism. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 347 - The American Civil Rights Movement

This seminar surveys the major topics and issues of the twentieth-century Civil Rights Movement in America. In addition to exploring the lives and roles of popular figures like Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, and Jesse Jackson, the course examines the contributions of important but less prominent figures such as Charles Houston, Medger Evers, Ella Baker, Clifford Durr, and Septima Clark. Emphasis is placed on each phase of the movement, from the formation of the NAACP at the 1909 Niagara Conference to the legal strategy to overthrow racial segregation to the nonviolent protest of the 1950s and 60s and finally ending with the Black Power Movement. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 348 - The Mexican Revolution

This course examines the Mexican Revolution (1910-1940), describing the ideologies and political programs of its rival leaders and forces. Emphasis is placed on analysis of the revolutionary movement as a mosaic of local uprisings, each with its own roots and objectives. The social origins of the participants, both followers and leaders, the causes of the insurrection, the objectives proclaimed by each faction, and the changes actually accomplished, are the main topics of discussion. The heterogeneity and ambiguity of the Mexican Revolution are explored by examining different approaches to the insurrection through biographies, novels, political theory, and historical account. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 349 - American Women's Cultural and Intellectual History

This discussion-based seminar examines women's experience from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Topics include changes in understandings of motherhood and female sexuality, popular women's fiction, and representations of women in music, film, and television. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 352 - Junior Tutorial

A consideration of some of the ways historians have dealt with historiographical issues. The books to be examined are all significant in the way they treat evidence, construct an interpretation of the past, and reflect ideas and values of the historians' own time. The emphasis in the course is on current historical methods and interpretations. Required of all junior majors. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 354 - Renaissance Humanism

An examination of the intellectual movement that first emerged in Italy in the fourteenth century and that played a central role in the European Renaissance. Topics include the rediscovery of the antique, civic humanism, Christian humanism, neoplatonism, and the impact of humanism on art, politics, science, and gender relations. Readings consist of original source material and include writings of Petrarch, Valla, Ficino, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, and Montaigne. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 357 - Latin American Biographies

Through the reading of biographies, this course examines major topics in Latin American history. Important issues explored include: the Spanish conquest, the colonial experience, wars of independence, national projects, imperialism, and social revolutions. Among the historical actors whose lives are discussed and analyzed are: Hernan Cortez, Montezuma, Jose Baquijano y Carrillo, Simon Bolivar, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, William Grace, Emiliano Zapata, Eva Peron, and Fidel Castro. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 358 - Women in Latin America

A seminar on the history of Latin American women from the seventeenth century to the present, examining the tension in Latin American countries concerning the role of women, their relationship to the family, and their desire for equality. The course explores controversies over the legal status of women, education, employment, and participation in political life. Students examine several theoretical approaches to gender studies together with specific case studies. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 359 - United States and Latin America Since 1898

This seminar deals with the historical interaction of Latin America with the United States from 1898 to the present. Specific topics examined include U.S. views of Latin America, imperialism, economic nationalism, the Cuban Revolution, guerrilla warfare, the Chilean and Nicaraguan cases, and the drug problem. The course discusses the goals, perceptions, and actions of the United States and various Latin American governments during this period. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 360 - Latin American Topics

A seminar designed to analyze a theme, period, or topic of significance in the development of Latin America from colonial times to the present. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 363 - Peasant Resistance and Rebellion in Latin America, 1500-1990

A seminar focusing on forms of resistance and accommodation of rural peoples in Latin American history — peasants, slaves, rural laborers, indigenous people and others — to the forces of cultural change and the impact of modernization over several centuries. Readings examine theories of the peasantry as a social group as well as forms and cases of rural collective action in Latin American history. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 364 - Topics in Russian History

An examination of significant developments in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russia. Topics may include: the peasant problem, the revolutionary movement, major personalities, 1917, Stalinization/de-Stalinization, and foreign policy. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 365, HIST 366 - Medieval England

Selected topics in the history of England from the Roman conquest to the accession of Henry Tudor. Emphasis on reading, papers, discussion. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 367 - Writing the Nation: Literature, Nationalism and the Search for Identity in Latin Americ: 1810-present (also SPAN 367)

A study of national projects in Latin America from 1810 to the present. Topics include Bolívar, the wars of independence, nineteenth-century visions of progress, Vasconcelos' concept of The Cosmic Race, and contemporary movements for the inclusion of women, blacks, Native Americans, gays, and other marginalized groups in a common Latin-American culture. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 368 - Saints and Society in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

This course explores the place of Christian saints in the society and culture of the late Roman and medieval worlds. It analyzes changing ideals of sanctity and their relationship to broader social, religious and cultural developments. It also focuses on the varied functions of saints in society — as healers of physical ills, solvers of social problems, and symbols of political and religious "causes." Emphasis throughout is on the close relationship of religious ideals, ecclesiastical and secular politics, and social and cultural change. The course is a seminar with emphasis on reading, class participation, and papers. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 369 - Muslim Spain: Glory, Decline, and Lasting Influence in Contemporary Spain

A study of the rise of al-Andalus and the caliphate of Cordoba. The succeeding Taifa kingdoms, Almohad and Almoravid dynasties, and the Nasrid rule in Granada are studied as well as the Reconquest by the Christian kingdoms of the north. Special attention to the concepts of convivencia and mudejarismo. This course is part of the Sewanee Semester in Spain. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 370 - Ritual and Worship in the Long English Reformation

This seminar examines the role of ritual and worship in the religious and cultural history of England, ca.1530 to ca.1700. It begins with a look at the religious culture of pre-reformation England, then addresses the transformation of a traditional religion based on rituals into a religious system based as much on word as on rite. The course draws connections between these religious changes and the larger political, social, and cultural context in which they occurred. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 371 - Tudor England: 1485-1603

A study of the reigns of the Tudor monarchs with special attention to innovations in government; the humanist tradition; the English Reformation; and the influence of these factors on the political, religious, social, and cultural developments of the time. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 372 - Stuart England: 1603-1714

A study of the reigns of the Stuart monarchs and the mid-seventeenth century interregnum with special attention to the origins of the English Civil War and its impact on English ideas and institutions through the reign of Queen Anne. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 373 - English Puritanism, 1558-1700

This seminar examines English Puritanism as a religious, cultural, and sometimes political movement from the Elizabethan settlement until the end of the seventeenth century. Topics covered include puritan piety, puritan social life, conflict over church rituals, and puritans' use of the media in their day, and the role of the puritans in the coming of the English civil wars. Students also look briefly at New England and Scotland as attempts to create a puritan paradise. Prerequisite: One history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 374 - Anglicanism, 1350-1662 (also RELG 374)

A study of significant thinkers and events in the formation of the Anglican tradition from the English Reformation to the English Civil War and Restoration. Attention is also given to the pre-Reformation development of religious thought and practice in England. Writers from Thomas Cranmer to the Caroline Divines are considered in the contexts both of English and European history and of the intellectual currents of the period. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 378 - Sexuality and the Self in Modern Europe

HIST 378 Sexuality and the Self in Modern Europe This seminar investigates how and why sexuality became the key to selfhood in modern Europe. Drawing on the tools of gender analysis and cultural history, students explore the ways in which political, socioeconomic and cultural tensions of particular historical moments were manifested in the sexuality of individuals. Students also examine a variety of primary sources from the eighteenth to twentieth centuries to consider how individuals defined themselves through sexuality and how definitions were imposed on them by a variety of institutions and authority figures. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 379 - Honor, Shame, and Violence in Modern Europe (also WMST)

This course treats honor as a tool for understanding change and continuity in European society from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. Honor and shame are viewed as conduits that allow students to explore broader sexual, gender, class and political developments. Particular attention is given to ways in which honor functioned differently in the public ideologies and private lives of dominant and marginal social groups. This course also explores the relationship of violence to the cult of honor. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 380 - Crimes and Scandals in the Historical Imagination, 18th-20th Centuries (also WMST)

An investigation of the ways historians read past crimes and scandals for evidence of broader social, political, and cultural anxieties and desires. Focusing less on details of incidents themselves than on the debates and public interpretation surrounding them, this seminar deals with crimes such as those committed by Jack the Ripper or French murderesses at the end of the nineteenth century. In addition to analyzing secondary sources dealing with crime and scandal, students scrutinize a variety of primary documents such as trial records, medical and judicial debates, scientific analyses of criminality, memoirs of notorious criminals, and detective novels. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 381 - Travel Cultures, Global Encounters, 1800-1950

In recent centuries overseas explorations and investigations, journeys and migrations, and "exotic" advertising and tourism have defined the very nature of modernity. This course investigates the cultural frameworks of travel — the purposes, the interpretation of encounters, the interaction with peoples and landscapes — from 1800 to 1950. Through reading recent works of scholarship on imperial cultures and research in primary sources for European and American global exploration and travel, students learn how to analyze the discourses and practices that give meaning to experience. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 382 - Science, Segregation, and Popular Culture in 20th-Century South Africa

This seminar explores the rise and significance of three crucial and interrelated phenomena in 20th-century South Africa. It examines the relationship between developments in science and the institutionalization of segregation, culminating in the ideology and practices of apartheid. The course further explores how popular culture both mirrored and shaped these changes in scientific understandings and political realities. By bringing together the histories of science, segregation, and popular culture, the seminar analyses the formation of the uniquely South African cultural racism that sustained apartheid state and society. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 385 - Missionaries, Mullahs, and Marabouts: African Encounters with Christianity and Islam

This seminar examines the introduction and dramatic expansion of Christianity and Islam throughout Africa from the pre-colonial era to the current day. Looking at both sides of the cultural interchange, the course pays attention to themes of indigenous religion, translation, resistance, syncretism, and the colonial invention of religion. While the seminar focuses on secondary sources and historiography, primary sources are also considered. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 386 - African Environmental History

A survey of African environmental and agrarian history, focusing on the historical interrelationship between Africans and their environment. Topics include colonial misconceptions of Africans and their environment; key environmental factors in the development of African societies and the slave trade; agrarian history with its focus on agricultural production; colonial-era developments leading to food insecurity; the failure of large-scale “development” and modernization projects and ideologies; the creation of nature reserves; the denial of African hunting traditions, and the promotion of the “great white hunter” and safari culture. This seminar class emphasizes historiography, primary sources, and discussion. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 387 - Slavery and the Slave Trade in Africa

This seminar investigates intertwined phenomena of great importance to African history, from the pre-colonial era to the early twentieth century. The course examines the various forms of unfree labor in Africa through the lens of comparative slavery studies and then explores Africa’s key slave trades: the Saharan, East Indian, and Trans-Atlantic. The course focuses on the internal African dynamics that shaped labor recruitment and participation in the slave trade, stressing African agency in the face of dynamic historical circumstances. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 388 - The United States and Vietnam since 1945

The history of Vietnam since World War II, French colonialism, development of the independence movement, the origins of U.S. involvement, and the escalation of the conflict in the 1960s. Vietnamese goals, American foreign policy, the anti-war movement, and the presidencies of Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon are topics of special interest.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 389 - European Cultural and Intellectual History, 1750-1890

From 1750 to 1890, European men and women experienced a startling new world of political, socioeconomic, and technological change. Developments such as the Enlightenment, urbanization, feminism, the democratization of politics and the discovery of the unconscious radically altered the mindset of intellectuals and contributed to the creation of modern forms of consciousness and artistic innovation. Examining art, novels, poetry, philosophical tracts, and utopian visions as symbolic languages that reflect changing social relationships and experiences, the course illuminates the broader cultural and intellectual reactions to the processes of modernization. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 393 - America's Civil War

This course examines the military, economic, political, and social upheaval of mid-nineteenth century America and considers the failure of antebellum political mechanisms, the growth of sectionalism, justifications for and against secession, the methods and implications of war, competing constitutional systems during the conflict, efforts to eradicate Southern separatism, and the lingering cultural implications of the nation's fratricidal dispute. Students employ the America's Civil War web site, as well as other media, in preparing for discussions, tests, and research papers. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 394 - Reconstructing the South

This seminar investigates a variety of post-bellum transitions in the United States South, as the defeated slaveholding society reluctantly conceded to less restrictive forms of labor and limited civil equality. Unlike traditional treatments of the era — which focus on politics and end with conservative overthrow of Republican rule — this course also considers changing modes of economic and social life, and concludes with the establishment of the Solid South in 1902. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 397 - The Origins and Conduct of World War II

A study of the causes, events, and results of World War II. Topics discussed include: the legacy of World War I, rise of totalitarianism, diplomacy of the 1930s, battles and strategies of the war, the Holocaust, and origins of the Cold War. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 400 - Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand

This course focuses on Southeast Asia. Students investigate each country’s unique history and traditions. For Vietnam and Cambodia, they examine the legacy of foreign intervention, including the impact of Chinese control, French colonialism, and American involvement. For Thailand they look at the traditions of monarchy and the attempts to maintain independence while surrounded by colonialism. In all cases the course connects history and culture in order to provide a context for understanding the development of traditional theatre. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 401 - Contemporary Chile, 1970-2011

This course examines the trajectory of Chilean history, politics, and culture over the past half-century. Starting with the presidency of Salvador Allende (1970-1973) and its historical foundations, students analyze the legacies of the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990) and the problems of Chile’s transition to democracy (1990-present). Includes in-depth consideration of the political, social, economic, and cultural issues involved in Chile’s present debates, among them the access to free education. Cultural activities and guest lectures by prominent Chilean scholars and activists are combined with field trips to historical sites in and around Santiago. Conducted as a three-week summer course. No prerequisites and no Spanish language experience required.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 402 - History of Imperial China

This course focuses on ancient and traditional China. Students discuss the rise of the dynastic system, unification under the First Emperor (including building of the Great Wall and the tomb of the Emperor), the development of the philosophies and religions of China (Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism), and historical events under the Han, T’ang, Sung, Mongol, Ming and Manchu dynasties. This historical survey provides the basis for our understanding of the development of Chinese culture. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 405 - Directed Films and Readings for World War II Sites in England, France, Germany

This half course is designed to prepare students for the summer course program called “From D-Day to Berlin: World War II Sites in England, France and Germany.” Films may include The Battle of Britain, The Longest Day, Conspiracy, and Downfall, among others. Assignments also include short readings on the war. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 406 - From D-Day to Berlin: World War II Sites in England, France, Germany

This course focuses on World War II in England, France, and Germany. Lectures and discussions on specific topics are enhanced by visiting sites related to the progression of the war and its impact on soldiers and civilians. Starting in London with the Imperial War Museum and War Cabinet Rooms, the program moves to Portsmouth and then crosses the Channel into Normandy. In northern France the emphasis is on D-Day, followed by a visit to Paris and discussions of the occupation and liberation. The program travels east and finishes in Germany with visits to Nazi party locations in Munich, Dachau Concentration Camp, Nuremberg, and the capital city of Berlin. Conducted as a three-week summer course. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 420 - The History of International Development

This seminar examines the history of economic development and efforts to address poverty and disease in the “underdeveloped” world, or global south, with a particular focus on Africa, from the early nineteenth century to the present day. Topics include humanitarianism, the civilizing mission, modernization, dependency theory, foreign aid, globalization, and social investing. Prerequisite: one history course at the 200-level or above.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 430 - Political Islam

Offering a broad view of Islam in contemporary politics, this course investigates the politicization of Islam and the “Islamization” of politics by Islamist groups (such as al-Queda and Hamas), governments (such as Saudi Arabia and Pakistan), and non-state actors in the Muslim world. The class aims to demystify the so-called “Islamic turn” by considering how Islamic politics are shaped by wider debates about modern Islam, by Western actions in the regions, and by the emergence of powerful new technologies of propaganda and recruitment.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 440 - Honors Seminar

The seminar has two functions: first, it serves as the classroom setting in which senior history majors are guided as they conduct the independent research for and complete the writing of their senior honors thesis; second, it operates as a workshop that assists honors candidates in the preparation of the thesis by engaging them in the larger scholarly enterprise of reading and reviewing each other’s work. Toward these ends, members of the history department and scholars from other colleges and universities share their work with and seek the critical engagement of the honors students. The class concludes with an oral presentation of each student’s research to the history faculty. Permission of the department chair is required for registration.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 452 - Senior Research and Writing Seminar

History majors engage in primary and secondary research on a topic of interest, culminating in a significant analytical paper. The semester concludes with an oral presentation of each student’s research required of all senior majors. Prerequisite: Hist 352.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 470 - Ways of Seeing and Knowing in the Early Modern World

This course explores new ways of studying knowledge production and circulation in Europe and the Atlantic world, circa 1400 to 1800. A key strategy involves attending to the period’s material culture and “reading” objects — models, microscopes, maps — as primary sources. Other topics include the uses of paper tools such as note-taking, bio-prospecting, cultures of collecting, and the curiosity cabinet. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 472 - Marriage and Imagined Families in the Modern World (also WMST)

Applying Benedict Anderson’s concept of “imagined communities” to historical understandings of family life and marriage, this seminar investigates the multiple ways in which modern Europeans have imagined family relationships, spaces, and rituals of marriage. The course examines the cultural creation and reworking of the nuclear family by a diverse range of historical actors within an increasingly global context. How did individuals invent shared pasts that legitimized non-traditional concepts of marriage and the family? Topics include Victorian, socialist and fascist families, the modification of marriage, and challenges to family structures posed by person of alternate sexual, immigrant, and gendered identities. Prerequisite: one history course with attribute G4, including AP or IB credit.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 480 - Reformation to Revolution: Religion and Politics in Early Modern England

This seminar examines political and religious change in England in the tumultuous sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a period marked by religious schism, two revolutions, and a failed experiment in republican government. Topics include reformations of church and government, patterns of rebellion and political instability, puritan culture, and the shaping of domestic life.
(Credit, full course)

HIST 493 - The Civil War and American Historical Memory (also AMST)

This seminar examines, through a variety of texts, the impact of the Civil War on American historical memory. The goal is to awaken in students’ minds the enduring importance of historical events and to suggest ways in which time, distance, and context affect how those events are understood. The seminar, then, is an historiographical excursion which treats a wide range of materials as meaningful historical documents.
(Credit, full course)

HIST Root of Hate - Introduction to Modernity and the Final Solution

This course introduces students to the “Final Solution”—the Holocaust—and the murder of millions of Jews and others during the Second World War. More than an exploration of death and destruction associated with the Shoah, the course examines important antecedents and paradigms that helped to foment such hatred against such groups and focuses on the words of individuals who espoused and resisted such ideologies.
(Credit, full course)